Poor Myanmar farmers may turn to growing opium
Last updated 2-5-09 at 1:39 p.m.
By Grant Peck
The Associated Press
BANGKOK (AP) — Rising prices for opium in Southeast
Asia and the global economic downturn may trigger a surge in
the cultivation of the illegal drug in Myanmar, which until
recently was in sharp decline, U.N. drug experts said on Monday,
Nearly all the world’s opium comes from Afghanistan,
but military-ruled Myanmar is the second largest source and
accounts for almost 5 percent of global production.
In 1999, the country set out to become opium-free
by 2014 and the campaign made considerable strides; the amount
of land cultivated for opium plummeted from 322,000 acres (130,300
hectares) in 1998 to 53,000 acres (21,500 hectares) in 2006.
A United Nations report released Monday, however,
said that the amount of land being cultivated climbed to 70,400
acres (28,500 hectares) last year, mainly due to rising prices.
“Rising opium prices may make it more attractive for
farmers to revert back to opium cultivation, especially if
no alternative sources of income are available,” Antonio
Maria Costa, executive director of the United Nations Office
of Drugs and Crime, said in the report, which called for more
The strong increase in the price of Myanmar’s opium was
due to reduced production and continued demand from China,
Australia, and other countries in the region, it said.
“We would expect that with the global financial meltdown,
many people will be unemployed,” said Gary Lewis, also
from the U.N. agency. Most will try to earn their living legally, “but
when those options are exhausted, they will turn quite naturally
to other means to survive. Some of those will involve trafficking
in illicit and narcotic products.”
Myanmar is estimated to have produced 410 tons
of opium in 2008, involving the work of 840,000 people and
$123 million in revenue for those farming the poppy plant.
Prices being fetched for Myanmar’s opium contrast sharply
with falling prices for the crop in Afghanistan, where most
of the world’s opium comes from and where several years
of overproduction has created a glut.
Dramatic differences in the price of opium between
regions and sometimes even within regions or countries is not
The region of Southeast Asia where the borders
of Myanmar, Thailand, and Laos meet, known as the
Golden Triangle, produced more than half of the
opium in 1990 and one-third in 1998. (end)